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Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2004;13(2):101-106.
Published online October 31, 2004.
A Morphologic Study on the Effect of the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in the Anastomosis of the Rat Femoral Artery
Jun-Mo Lee, M.D., Young-Keun Lee, M.D.
쥐에서 대퇴 동맥 문합술시 투여한 혈관내피성장인자의 효과에 대한 형태학적 연구
Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of VEGF in the arterial anastomosis by using light and electron microscopy.
Marerials and method: Rats underwent femoral arterial end-to-end anastomosis after transection and topical VEGF treatment. The proximal and distal segments of the femoral arteries was drenched with 1 drop of VEGF (100 ng/100 ㎕/bottle). and when half of the repair was finished, the other 1 drop was drenched and then the repair was continued to complete the anastomosis. Gross and histologic characteristics of arterial wall were assessed after 3 days, 1, 3 and 5 weeks. In the control group, normal saline solution instead of VEGF was dropped with the same method in the anastomosis.
Results: The histologic findings of the arterial wall were the vascular remodeling with the infiltration of inflammatory cells at early stages and the tissue fibrosis at lately stages in the anastomotic sites of the control and the VEGF-treated groups. The scanning electron microscopic results were; (1) the anastomotic sites were covered by many irregular cells with long cytoplasmic processes at the early stages. (2) After 1 week, endothelial cells started to cover the anastomotic sites. (3) After 3 weeks, the anastomotic sites were partially covered by endothelial cells in the control group. (4) After 5 weeks, the anastomotic sites were completely covered by endothelial cells in the control and VEGF-treated groups. (5) In the VEGF-treated group, the anastomotic site was completely covered by endothelial cells which directed parallel to longitudinal axis of arteries after 3 weeks.
Conclusion: Topical VEGF maintained luminal integrity by decreasing fibrosis and increasing re-endothelialization. These findings suggest that topical VEGF may be a promising new strategy to enhance healing and improve the outcome of vascular anastomosis.
Key Words: Rat femoral artery anastomosis, VEGF
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