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Arch Hand Microsurg > Volume 18(1); 2009 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2009;18(1):35-39.
Published online May 31, 2009.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12790/jkssh.2009.18.1.35   
Polyurethane Foam Template for Simple Design of Digital Island Flap
Nam Joong Kim, M.D., Hwan Jun Choi, M.D., Jun Hyuk Kim, M.D.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery College of Medicine, Soon Chun Hyang University, Korea. medi619@hanmail.net
폴리우레탄 폼 드레싱재료를 이용한 간단한 손가락 섬피판 디자인
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Purpose: Various techniques have been attempted for design of the flaps. However, there are some disadvantages. They have thin, pliable, and two dimensional methods. The aim of this study is to report usefulness of polyurethane foam dressing materials for three dimensional design of the digital island flap.
Methods: From June of 2007 to september of 2008, 10 patients received digital island flap surgery for soft tissue defect of the finger. After minimal debridement of the wound, size and shape of the defect were measured using polyurethane foam. We used Medifoam-5? And then, designed this inset the wound. The flap was designed on the donor site with a arterial pedicle as the central axis according to size and shape. A full thickness skin graft from the groin is applied on the flap donor defect and secured with a tieover bolster dressing.
Results: Reviewing sizes of the flaps, the length and width of flaps ranged from 1.5 to 3.3 cm and 1.0 to 2.5 cm. The PACS(Picture Archiving Communication System) program allows identification of the donor depth of finger. The distance for the soft tissue ranged from 4.3 mm to 6.7 mm. Mean depth of donor site was 5.3±0.6 mm. Also, the thickness of Medifoam-5? ranged nearly 5 mm. On flap insetting, full-thickness skin graft was necessary. We did not experience any problems in the recipient site size either, regardless of the extended flaps.
Conclusion: Polyurethane foam has many advantages over the more conventional templates. Refinements in flap design and surgical technique resulted in favorable functional and cosmetic results. Especially, for beginner, Polyurethane foam dressing material is a simple and safe tool and therefore is an excellent choice for design of the island flap.
Key Words: Finger tip reconstruction, Digital island flap, Polyurethane foam dressing
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