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Arch Hand Microsurg > Volume 19(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2010;19(1):21-28.
Published online May 31, 2010.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12790/jkssh.2010.19.1.21   
Reconstruction of Soft Tissue Defects in the Finger using Arterialized Venous Free Flaps
Young-Keun Lee, M.D. Ph.D., Sang-Hyun Woo, M.D. Ph.D., Jun-Mo Lee, M.D. Ph.D.*, Hee-Chan Ahn, M.D., Ho-Jun Cheon, M.D.
1Department of Woo & Lee's Institute for Hand Surgery & Reconstructive Microsurgery, W Hospital, Daegu, Korea. trueyklee@yahoo.co.kr
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.
유리 동맥화 정맥 피판을 이용한 수지 연부조직 결손의 재건
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Purpose: To report the clinical results of the use of arterialized venous free flaps in reconstruction in soft tissue defects of the finger and to extend indications for the use of such flaps based on the clinical experiences of the authors.
Materials and Methods: Eighteen patients who underwent arterialized venous free flaps for finger reconstruction, between May 2007 and July 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. The mean flap size was 4.7×3.2 cm. The donor site was the ipsilateral volar aspect of the distal forearm in all cases. There were 8 cases of venous skin flaps, 5 cases of neurocutaneous flaps, 4 cases of tendocutaneous flaps, 1 case of innervated tendocutaneous flap. The vascuality of recipient beds was good except in 4 cases (partial devascuality in 2, more than 50% avascuality (bone cement) in 2).
Results: All flaps were survived. The mean number of included veins was 2.27 per flap. Mean static two-point discrimination was 10.5 mm in neurocutaneous flaps. In 3 of 5 cases where tendocutaneous flaps were used, active ROM at the PIP joint was 60 degrees, 30 degrees at the DIP joint and 40 degrees at the IP joint of thumb. There were no specific complications except partial necrosis in 3 cases.
Conclusions: An arterialized venous free flap is a useful procedure for single-stage reconstruction in soft tissue or combined defect of the finger; we consider that this technique could be applied to fingers despite avascular recipient beds if the periphery of recipient bed vascularity is good.
Key Words: Finger, Soft tissue injury, Arterialized venous free flap

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